Eye Conditions and Treatment

According to the CDC, over 11 million people in the US suffer from poor vision, and more than three million are legally blind. There are loads of different eye conditions that require medical attention to avoid blindness. Here are some of the more common ones, and treatments all sufferers should seek to maintain their eye health.

Near-sightedness

Loads of people are near-sighted, meaning they have normal vision up close but blurry vision of distant objects. This condition makes it difficult to read signs and faces at a distance (sometimes only a few feet away), and can be easily corrected with glasses or contacts.

Far-sightedness

Far-sighted means a person's vision is normal at longer distances, but blurry up close. This condition makes it difficult or impossible to read books, computer screens, and anything else up close. It can be easily corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

astigmatism

This basically means your vision is poor at all distances, but fortunately this can also be easily identified and corrected with basic glasses or contacts.

Macular Degeneration

In short, this tends to happen after the age of 40 or 50, and essentially a degradation of the eye tissue which distorts or blurs the vision. This gets worse with time, and typically leads to blindness (at least for all practical purposes - generally light can still be detected but the blurriness is so severe that the patient is considered legally blind). There is no cure for this condition, but certain treatments may help or slow the progression of the condition.

Cataracts

This is when the eye lens becomes clouded, and most blindness in the world is a result of this condition. Fortunately there are treatments available to remove cataracts, so the typical prognosis is good for sufferers.

Blepharitis

The eyelids are sensitive and the rims, where our eyelashes grow from and just behind that area, contain pores which secrete oils. The eyelids can become infected with the common Staphylococcus bacteria, causing inflammation and irritation of the eyelids, and in severe cases even blurred vision and all-out infection. Generally this can be self-treated with hot compresses and regular cleansing of the eyes (using gentle soap, either a highly diluted solution or baby shampoo). While regular self-treatment can keep this condition in check, if you have severe symptoms your eye doctor can prescribe anti-bacterial drops or other medication to treat the condition.